Working under the direction of a licensed veterinarian, veterinary technicians (vet techs) perform a wide range of duties when working with animals. Some of their responsibilities include acquiring and recording patient information, collecting lab specimens, providing overall nursing care, and helping with certain medical procedures. A vet tech may also work in diagnostics, conduct dental prophylaxes, and educate pet owners.
Choosing the right vet tech school and program can be bewildering, but with the help of this comprehensive guide, vet tech aspirants can decide whether they are suited for the career and initiate their journey to licensure. From the different types of programs and degree levels to creating a winning resume and nailing your job interviews, the following the steps can lead you to a successful career as a veterinary technician.
Is Vet Tech the Right Career for You?
Not everyone is emotionally cut out to handle the challenges of a vet tech career. Before you commit to a two-year training program, address the following questions:
- Can you remain calm under pressure? Vet techs often face life-or-death crises with animals. They need to be quick thinkers and efficiently. They also face pressure from pet owners, veterinarians, and fellow staff members.
- Do you excel in customer care? Pet owners can be emotional. Most care deeply for their pets and can sometimes become angry and demanding. Others don’t care as much as we would like, and you need to be prepared for all the emotions that come with the job.
- Can you be compassionate, but professional during the animal euthanasia process? Pets are lovable companions, but in some cases, euthanasia may be the only solution to end their ceaseless pain. Are you able to assist in the procedure and communicate calmly with owners?
- Are you dexterous? You may be called upon to handle squirming animals, perform injections, draw blood, and operate lab equipment such as X-rays and lab testing equipment.
- Are you willing to undertake ongoing training? Depending on your employer, you may be asked to learn specialties needed for the practice. Many licenses and certifications require a specific number of continuing education credits to maintain your eligibility.
- Do you respond well to criticism? You will be evaluated. What will you do with the feedback? Or, if another employee makes poor decisions or goes against vet treatment standards, you may have to tactfully discuss your observations.
If these questions didn’t throw you, you may be a great candidate for becoming a vet tech. Next, explore the program options and training length that best fits your career objectives.
The Difference Between Vet Technicians and Technologists
Veterinary technicians earn a 2-year associate’s degree in a veterinary assisting major. They take jobs at pet clinics and hospitals under the supervision of licensed veterinarians. Both campus and online vet tech programs train students to take the national licensing examination for veterinary technicians. Technicians are prepared to conduct laboratory diagnostic tests and assist veterinarians with clinical procedures. They must also know how to tactfully communicate with emotionally-charged pet owners while educating them about ongoing pet care.
Veterinary technologists may also attend an associate degree program, but most employers will require them to hold a bachelor’s degree. Associate’s degree grads can land entry-level, supervised clinical jobs, but a bachelor’s program prepares students for research jobs with colleges, hospitals, laboratories, and related institutions. A bachelor’s degree is required for tech roles in federal agencies. The following table differentiates between two-year and four-year programs, including education, professional roles, and wages:
|Education||Job duties||Median Pay (PayScale)||Job growth|
|Veterinary technologists||4-year bachelor’s degree in veterinary technology||Work in private clinical practices or advanced animal research institutions||Median Pay (PayScale)$40,000||20 percent from 2016 to 2026|
|Veterinary technicians||2-year associate’s degree in a veterinary technology||Work under supervision in clinical practice including administering lab tests and inoculations.||$36,788||20 percent from 2016 to 2026|
Research Vet Tech Programs
The types of degrees and college programs provide vet-tech students with ample options in training. The educational path you choose should depend on your previous education, your career goals, and whether you have completed supervised volunteer work with a veterinarian. Selecting the ideal learning mode for your schedule is crucial. If you have job obligations or commitments to family, a flexible online associate’s degree program can spare you commuting or missing work. The online vet tech course delivery mode utilizes streaming class sessions, email, forums, and multimedia programs.
First, let’s break down your key decisions in finding the right degree:
Choose Your Degree
Depending on your career goals, there are two main types of degrees. Is a two-year associate’s degree suitable for your objectives? Or are you willing to complete an additional two-years on your training to become a vet technologist? Let’s dive into the particulars:
Many schools simultaneously offer vet tech associate degrees online or on campus with the same curriculum and completion requirements. It’s important to enroll at an accredited institution. Some students may prefer a face-to-face education, but in-person programs don’t offer the same kind of flexibility to full-time workers and parents. With the exception of required on-site clinicals or internships, you can complete your entire degree from any location.
Can You Become a Vet Tech Online?
Online vet tech programs are offered by community colleges, private career schools, and four-year universities. Exams and classes are conducted entirely online through a course management system, but students must undertake on-site laboratory clinicals. The curriculum mirrors the school’s on-campus programs. It’s crucial that you choose an accredited online program to qualify for national exams. At present, there are 11 online programs accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association. They can be an ideal option for students who cannot attend campus programs.
Make Your Decision
Now you know the type of program and learning model that works with your schedule. The next step is to review “must-have” requirements to narrow down your list of potential schools. Here’s a quick checklist:
Apply to Schools
By now you’ve narrowed down your list of prospective schools. It’s time to learn the ropes for gaining admission to the vet tech program. Before you take the step, look into each school’s unique application process and prerequisites for admission to the vet tech program. You’ll also need to know whether the institution offers financial aid. Here are some things to keep in mind as you prepare your applications:
Pass Your Classes & Complete Clinicals
Many vet tech programs combine online learning with clinical, hands-on classes. Students typically study anatomy, physiology, critical care, pharmacology, diagnostic imaging, veterinary dentistry, and laboratory animal medicine. Online programs still require onsite clinical labs and vet tech internships. Seek help from the school if you find trouble passing your classes. One way to thrive is to stay current, or even ahead, in the coursework. Clinical externships and courses require commuting, so plan wisely. Four-year degree programs amp up the general education requirements. Be prepared for a course load in subjects that may not interest you. If you’re learning online, be sure to balance your studies with breaks for fun and family.
Pass the VTNE & Get Licensed
Passing the Veterinary Technical National Exam (VTNE) is an important requirement for working in most states. It allows you to become professionally licensed with the designation of Certified Veterinary Technician. Even if you are planning to practice in a state that does not require it, the certification goes a long way to display your competence to employers. Each state establishes the minimum passing score for licensing. After passing the VTNE, you must register with the state’s Veterinary Licensing Board. Regulatory board requirements vary by state. Your vet tech program should prepare you to pass the VTNE, covering the subject matter and providing online practice tests. The computer-based exam is offered three times a year. The AAVSB handbook will walk you through the application process and assist you in applying to take the exam. Before applying, check to see if you’re eligible to take the exam. The application fee is $320.
Gain Additional Certifications
Going for a specialty certification depends on where you want to your career to go. They are also a great way to set yourself apart from other job candidates. For students wanting to work in a research field, there are three fully recognized technician certifications offered by the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS): Assistant Laboratory Animal Technician (ALAT), Laboratory Animal Technician (LAT), and Laboratory Animal Technologist (LATG). Also, according to the National Association of Veterinary Technicians in America (NAVTA), there are 16 specializations with provisional recognition, each with its own organizations, websites, and processes for completion.
Becoming a specialized veterinary technician can take from two to five years. Is it worth it? According to DVM360, once a vet tech attains a VTS designation, there is a customary increase in earnings.
Certifications offered by the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS) include the Assistant Laboratory Animal Technician (ALAT) for work as a supervised assistant in a clinical laboratory, Laboratory Animal Technician (LAT) for work directly with animals, animal hospitals or research laboratory facilities. Laboratory Animal Technologist (LATG) for work in biomedical research facilities.
The Academy of Veterinary Technicians in Clinical Practice recognizes these VTS specialties:
- Clinical Practice (Exotic Companion Animal)
- Clinical Practice (Production Medicine)
- Clinical Practice (Small Animal- Canine/Feline)
- Clinical Practice (Small Animal- Feline)
There are numerous specialty certifications a vet tech can pursue after gaining on-the-job experience in fields including:
- Animal Nutrition
- Animal behavior
- Clinical pathology
- Equine nursing
- Emergency/critical care
- Internal or Zoological medicine
Create a Winning Resume
Your winning resume and cover letter should clearly identify your skills, professional experience, and vet tech training. Include your accomplishments and how your experience and skills directly match the job description. That’s why you should tailor each resume and cover letter to each potential clinic or hospital. Citing your experience, education, and skills upfront can separate you from other applicants or compel the organization to interview you. Here are some resume and cover-letter templates designed specifically for vet techs:
Cover letter examples:
Ace the Interview
If you’ve been invited to interview, realize that the organization is already attracted to you. Now it’s up to you to win the job through your preparedness and outlook. If you receive a working interview, you’ll learn more about the employer and give them a chance to see you as you work. They may even give you feedback to see how you handle criticism. Here are some time-tested strategies for nailing the dismount: