MEET THE EXPERT
You serve your community, your country, your unit. You battle time constraints, solve problems, and lead with determination and grit during emergencies. You’re part of a team, you put the lives of others ahead of your own, and you make a difference to those around you. While this holds true for many of our military servicemembers, it also applies to professionals on the front lines of healthcare.
In 2016 and 2017, CareerCast.com ranked the top employment opportunities for military veterans. Of the 15 careers profiled across those two years, four (registered nurse, nurse practitioner, mental health counselor, and physical therapist) were in healthcare. And according to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), careers in healthcare are expected to grow 18% between 2016 and 2026. What does this mean for veterans? Career opportunity. The following guide helps veterans of all services get hired in healthcare, from identifying the right career and educational paths to marketing themselves and nailing interviews. Ready to help people heal?
Step 1 Finding Your Healthcare Niche
Veterans serve in many different capacities while in the military. Some have been in a job related to the civilian healthcare system, while others may have been in a completely different field altogether. For those with military healthcare experience, the transition to the civilian healthcare workplace is fairly straightforward. For example, an Army 68W Combat Medic could serve on the civilian side as an EMT or paramedic as the training required is similar.
But what if you don’t have military healthcare experience, but would like to enter that field after getting out? Many of the skills you learned in the military can transfer over to a civilian healthcare job – especially the “soft” skills not directly related to your military job. To help you identify the military training that is applicable to a civilian healthcare career, here are a couple of resources to use – career crosswalks and skills assessments.
But what if you don’t have direct healthcare experience? How do you find out which of your skills crossover to the healthcare field? Career OneStop has an assessment that that matches the skills you have against the skills required for a particular job. Start by entering your skill level for each of the skills listed using the Skills Matcher. Once all questions are answered, a list of jobs comes up that can be sorted in various ways. Find the job you want to see how your skills match that job, along with the annual salary, education required and employment outlook.
Shortlist Your Options
Once you have a list of 3 – 5 careers that make sense, see how they compare across 6 – 8 key areas, such as salary, estimated growth, minimum education required, average education needed, and where they work. As an example, here’s an abbreviated sample table of some key information you can find about each position researched:
|Career Name||Median Salary||Estimated Growth||Typical Education||Where They Work|
|Registered Nurse||$71,730||15%||Bachelor’s degree||Hospitals – 61%
Healthcare Centers –18%
Nursing care facilities – 7%
Government – 5%
Education – 4%
|EMT/Paramedic||$34,320||15%||Post-secondary Nondegree Award||Ambulance- 48%
Local Government – 28%
Hospitals – 18%
|Medical Assistant||$33,610||29%||Post-secondary Nondegree Award||Physician’s Office – 57%
Hospitals – 15%
Outpatient Care Centers – 9%
Chiropractors Office – 4%
|Phlebotomists||$34,480||25%||Post-secondary Nondegree Award||Hospitals – 37%
Labs – 32%
Healthcare Centers – 15%
Physician’s Office -8%
Outpatient Care – 2%
|Physician’s Assistant||$108,610||37%||Master’s Degree||Physician’s Office -56%
Hospitals – 23%
Outpatient Care –8 %
Education – 3%
Employment – 3%
The key to Step 1 is getting direction. Learning more about the civilian opportunities and how each one you find relates to your military training. Ideally, the crosswalks and skills assessments help you narrow down your options to a career that makes sense for you. Once you find that career, it’s time to consider training. Visit our Learn How to Become section for details on how to enter specific healthcare careers. Also see if an online program in healthcare may be the educational choice for you.
Step 2 Healthcare Education & Training
Many civilian healthcare jobs require some type of post-secondary education. Even if you trained in the military for a particular job and are coming into that same job as a civilian, you may need to earn a specific license in your state. In the five selected jobs in the table above, the education required ranges from a post-secondary non-degree award (diploma, certificate, certification or credential) to a master’s degree.
But getting that proper higher education and training isn’t always straightforward. You need to figure out which type of school to attend, the type of program you need, the type of delivery you want, and how to use your military education benefits wisely. With so many different options to choose from, it can be difficult to make the right choice. For example, some schools are more veteran-friendly than others and will have more resources to help you. Let’s walk through these points from start to finish to see how to get the best bang for your buck.
Finding the Right School
One question frequently asked by veterans who want to expand their post-secondary skills is “Which school is right for me?” With hundreds of schools in the U.S. offering high quality healthcare programs it can be confusing. For example, do they have the proper accreditation? Are they affordable? Are they veteran-friendly? And do they offer career services that help with job placement? With these questions in mind, the answers will help determine not only which schools are best for veterans, but which ones make the most sense. When researching healthcare programs as a veteran, keep a careful eye out for the following.
Step 3 Transition Assistance Programs (TAPs)
Getting out of the military and back into the civilian world is much more difficult than most veterans think. While serving, re-stationing to a different military installation and where you would live were in most cases planned out for you. And many military branches hook military members up with a sponsor at their new location to help them get settled in.
In the civilian world, you must make all these decisions yourself. While location can be driven by being close to family or job opportunities, there are many other things to think about, including career planning, children’s education, housing (rent or buy), spouse employment opportunities, healthcare coverage, and more.
Fortunately, each military branch has a transition program to help with these things. However, one mistake many servicemembers make is that they don’t go through their service branch’s TAP as soon as they should. Starting one year out is not too early. Here’s a look at each branch of service TAP:
The Army’s Soldier for Life Transition Assistance Program takes about 40 hours to complete spread over a 24 to 40-month period. The mistake many separating soldiers make is not starting early enough, therefore limiting their flexibility as far as the time they have to react to issues that may come up during the TAP process.
A typical TAP program in this branch centers on these areas:
- Commander’s notification
- Pre-separation counseling
- Completing the Pre-separation Counseling Checklist
- Learning more about SFL-TAP
- Scheduling additional services as necessary
Many soldiers go on to receive employment assistance training, by either attending a Department of Labor Employment Workshop (DOLEW), or viewing the DOLEW training online. The training provides the skills and knowledge necessary for military members to meet their transition goals into the civilian job market.
Once DOLEW is completed, additional assistance and services are available to help select a career objective, write a resume, find a job opportunity, apply for a job and prepare for an interview. The additional services are scheduled and completed based on mission requirements so it could be spread over a number of weeks or even months depending on the mission load for the exiting Soldier.
The Navy calls their transition assistance program Transition GPS, which stands for Transition Goals, Plans and Success. It provides services to all retiring or separating Sailors and their families so that they can re-enter the civilian workforce, work on a higher post-secondary education or just retire. As part of the Navy’s Military Career Life Cycle program, each Sailor must meet the Navy’s Career Readiness Standards prior to getting out and Transition GPS is part of that career readiness program.
Transition GPS is taught over a 5-day period and is comprised of four main topics. While the topics are the same for Sailors either retiring or separating, the timelines are different:
- Pre-Separation Counseling – 18-24 months if retiring/12-18 months if separating
- 5-Day Workshop – 12-18 months if retiring/ 8-12 months if separating
- Optional Career Tracks – 6-12 months if retiring/6-8 months if separating
- Capstone – 3-6 months for both
Through the program, Sailors and their spouse receive information on post-military benefits, financial planning, career decision-making, education, certification, and training resources among other topics of interest that they can use to make their transition less stressful.
U.S. Air Force
According to the Air Force, “The goal of the Transition Assistance Program is to provide information, tools and training to ensure service members and their spouses are prepared for the next step in civilian life; whether pursuing additional education, finding a career or starting their own business.” To that end, their TAP consists of:
- Separation counseling to be completed 24 months before getting out if retiring or 12 months for those separating
- The transition workshop. Optional for some airmen such as those with over 20 years of service, verified civilian employment or those enrolled in an accredited education program
- The VA Benefits and Services briefing
- Capstone. Verifies career readiness standards have been met and should be completed NLT 90 days before getting out.
Located in the Career Resources Management Center on each Marine base and part of the Marine Life Cycle program, their Transition Assistance Program focuses on preparing each Marine and family for the transition to civilian life. The Transition Readiness Seminar part of the program is a 5-day event that provides Marines and their families the resources and training necessary to attain their civilian personal and professional goals after getting out. The core curriculum in the Seminar includes:
- Resilient Transitions
- Military Occupation Specialty Crosswalk
- Department of Labor Employment Workshop
- Department of Veterans Affairs Benefits I and II Briefs
- Financial Planning
The Marines also have a separate transition workshop for spouses called Spouse Transition and Readiness Seminar or STARS for short.
U.S. Coast Guard
Part of the Work-Life Program, the Coast Guard’s Transition Assistance Program mandates that all eligible servicemembers complete the standardized components of TAP, including:
- Pre-separation Counseling
- The Transition GPS Seminar
The Transition GPS Seminar consists of:
- DOL employment Workshop
- VA Benefits Briefing I and II
- Military Occupational Code Crosswalk
- Financial Planning
- The opportunity to join the Coast Guard Reserves
- E-Benefits Registration
As part of their Individualized Transition Plan (ITP), servicemembers can choose between three different “tracks” depending on their civilian goals:
- Technical Training
Step 4 Network, Network, Network
What you know when you transition out is important, but who you know can be just as valuable. One of the best things you can do when entering civilian life is build a network of people you can reach out to, learn from, and, if you’re lucky, discuss job opportunities. Here are three easy ways to get connected.
Step 5 Market Yourself (and Your Military Experience)
Getting the right healthcare job can be frustrating. You have great experience and top skills. You’ve provided top-notch medical care on the front lines while serving… yet it’s been hard even getting your foot in the door for interviews. Why is that?
According to Army veteran Erick Girard, “It’s been a struggle. I’m overqualified for this job and that job. Sometimes employers don’t understand my resume. They don’t understand what I did while serving and just put my resume aside.” To prevent that happening to you, here are 3 ways veterans can maximize their chances of getting noticed and, ultimately, getting hired.
The Right Words
One of the hardest things for veterans to do is to explain what they did in the military in terms civilians can understand. It is no secret they speak a “different” language with abbreviations, acronyms, and terms that to them are just part of their everyday language.
But to a civilian without military experience, it is foreign and doesn’t tell them what they did while serving. So the challenge for most veterans is to civilianize the language in their resume enough so that it makes sense to a hiring official or recruiter, but still accurately explains what they did in the military. Below is a sample of how to do that:
And this is where the crosswalks mentioned earlier can help make the change in language from military to civilian.
Healthcare employers not familiar with hiring veterans may wonder what advantages there are to hiring a veteran over an experienced civilian. While there are many reasons, here are 6 of the best:
Nail the Interview
Your resume and cover letter did their jobs and got you to an interview. Now what?
First, as with your resume and cover letter, avoid using military jargon. If you must, then be sure to define the terms in civilian language the interviewer will understand.
This is a time to highlight any skills, technical or soft, that may not have been addressed in your resume. Soft skills such as integrity, organization, accountability, and attention-to-detail are desirable to employers. Try to relate relative examples of your military experience/training as part of your answers to asked questions. This shows the interviewer that you are trained in that line of questioning.
Employment Resources for Veterans & their Families
For veterans with healthcare experience from their military service, the transition to a civilian healthcare job can be almost seamless. Because training on both sides is similar, and many of the credentials transfer over relatively easily; it is one of the more pain-free career adjustments compared to other career choices. Fortunately, there are also numerous healthcare and other career field opportunities and training available for veterans to make the transition process as easy as possible; here is a list of 25 sources that may help secure a job after service.
1. Vet Jobs – A job board and prep services site free for transitioning veterans and spouses with over 2.4 million jobs available. In 2018 they placed over 9,000 transitioning active duty service members, National Guard, Reservists, veterans, and military spouses from all branches into jobs with an average annual salary of $70,000.
2. Clearance Jobs – This job board lists exclusively jobs that require a security clearance. Depending on when a veteran’s clearance was re-investigated last, it could be valid for up to two years after getting out.
3. USA Jobs – A massive job search site where jobs can be sorted according to keywords. Using the word “healthcare” brought up over 184 pages of jobs that included the job title, hiring agency, job location and annual salary.
4. Feds Hire Vets – This is an information site for Federal employment training and resources for veterans, transitioning military service members, their families, and Federal hiring officials. There are also links to each department within the Federal government, including healthcare positions under the Department of Health and Human Services and at other agencies.
5. Veterans’ Preference – Veterans’ Preference is an award-style program where veterans can get up to 10 points added to their score, which can place them higher on the hiring list for all new jobs in competitive service and many in excepted service. The link explains the point system and the criteria to be awarded points where applicable.
6. VA for Vets – A job site strictly for those who want to work for Veterans Affairs (VA). The site has many different areas to include upcoming job fairs and other employment opportunities. It even has a section for military spouses looking to work for the VA.
7. Military.com – A job search site for veterans, it is a good resource to learn about job searching and applying. It also includes a military skills translator and transition center. Jobs can be sorted by industry of which Healthcare and Nursing Jobs is one of the categories.
8. Military Hire.com – Run by veterans and hiring managers, this site connects veterans with jobs. Just sign up, post a resume and search for jobs. It also has a lot of job search information on how veterans can better prepare themselves to get hired.
9. TA Online.com – A career website for transitioning military members, it has a Career Tools section where one can post and manage their resumes, Transition Advice and it even has a military job title translator which is important when writing resumes. For example, enter in the Army’s 68W and it returns Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics.
10. G.I. Jobs – A site of tools, guides and advice to help veterans find employment faster. There are links to job boards, companies, schools and transition resources.
11. Veterans Employment Center – Military spouses can use this site to see if they qualify for the Department of Defense’s Spouse Education Career Opportunities (SECO) program. It also has other resources whether looking for a career job or are interested in starting a business.
12. G.I. Bill – Learn about the benefits of the Post 9/11 GI Bill including Transfer of Benefits, Yellow Ribbon Program and what kind of training it will pay for, along with payment rates.
13. Vista College – Offering nine programs in healthcare, plus four other fields that lead to diplomas, or associate and bachelor’s degrees, this college also offers scholarships for active duty personnel, dependents and veterans. Classes can be taken at one of their resident campuses or online.
14. VA Healthcare Careers – On this page, careers within the VA in healthcare are spotlighted. They even have a section for transitioning servicemembers.
15. Heroes for Healthcare – A non-profit organization whose mission is to get veterans with healthcare experience into jobs commensurate with their training and experience.
16. My Next Move – A unique site where veterans can explore different jobs types by keyword, industry such as healthcare, or a job like the one you had in the military. Includes the knowledge, skills, abilities, personality, education and job outlook information for each job explored.
17. U.S. DOL Employment Workshop – A free 196-page downloadable handbook for transitioning veterans with information from identifying transferable skills to writing resumes. Very complete and informative!
18. Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment – Also known as Voc Rehab, this VA site for disabled veterans is the place where they can get personalized counseling and employment resources so they can do a job within their limitations.
19. Military to Civilian Resume Writing – A succinct article on how to write a military to civilian resume.
20. Military Connection – A job listing board of healthcare job openings across all 50 states serving all branches of the military. Veterans may also upload their resume to this job board.
21. Healthcare Jobs for Veterans Article – An interesting article why healthcare jobs for veterans with healthcare experience are such a good fit after getting out.
22. Bureau of Labor Statistics –A listing of the different types of healthcare occupations. At first look is a job summary, education required and annual salary of each occupation. Drill deeper and get a plethora of information about that selected occupation.
23. Healthcare Licensing by State – A listing by state of the healthcare agencies responsible for licensing and credentialing.
24. Veterans in Healthcare – A listing of over 1,800 healthcare jobs for veterans from across the United States.
25. Monster.com – From the job board giant, this article discusses why healthcare is a good career opportunity for veterans.